Язык и коммуникации

Chinese organized criminality in East Siberia: ist characteristics, the problems of fight

The problems in politics, economics and other spheres of our life caused by the activities of Chinese criminal organizations, which act in Siberia, have arisen sufficiently long ago, but actually they were not studied, because of the extraordinary closed nature of such formations and number of other reasons.

The range of their activity is: «counterfeiting, the forgery of the documents, money-laundering, racket, prostitution, the game of chances (control over the casino and gaming houses), drug pushing, and much other including organization transit points for the migrants in Moscow, Vladivostok, Khabarovsk, Novosibirsk, Irkutsk, due to its convenient geographical location» [2].

Prior to the beginning the 90’s Russia was located out of the sphere of the interests of the Chinese organized criminality.

In 1992–1994 there were several channels, «which uncontrolled the penetration of the Chinese to the territory the Russian Federation» [3]. First of all, these are the regime of the near-boundary trade and the visa-free group tourism.

There are several reasons for the prosperity of their criminal business. Firstly, the main bulk of victims do not report to themselves into the local law-enforcement agencies, since they are located in Russia illegally; and they deviate from the payment of taxes. Secondly, the majority of Chinese do not believe in the fact that the Russian police will be able to protect their interests. Thirdly, relations inside the Chinese colony are traditionally solved by the Chinese themselves, and those, who attempt «to carry litter from the cottage» they are severely punished.

According to the information placed at our disposal by Federal Security Service and the Administration of internal affairs within our region, in 1996, «several Chinese ethnic criminal organizations formed according to the compatriots’ association principle had already acted in Irkutsk. Meanwhile the Chinese criminal organizations are rather dangerous not because of the great numbers of the crimes committed by their representatives, but because of the gravity and the high latency of such offences» [4]. The problem of fight against the Chinese organized criminality is not in the poor work of the Russian police but in the complexity of the penetration into this criminal medium. The police encountered the same problem in Irkutsk region.

Nevertheless, according to the data of Federal Security Service, «in 1997 the activities of two Chinese criminal were suppressed in Irkutsk. These are «shen’yanskaya» and «Nyan’tszyshan’skaya»» [1]. These organizations actually ceased to exist with the arrest and the deportation of their leaders in Peoples’ Republic of Chine.

Those who remained, racket the merchant-compatriots, who work in «Shanghai» and joined the local criminal organizations.

The August crisis of 1998 shocked not only the Russian merchants. It made the Chinese criminal organizations invest in the legal business.

Now day’s situation caused the inosculation of the Chinese criminal organizations with the Russian criminal associations.

Giving analysis to the situation on the whole, it is necessary to consider that we are found ourselves at the very beginning of the process of the formation of Chinese Diaspora in our region.

Our disregard to the problem of the formation of the Chinese ethnic criminal organizations will lead to the total criminalization of such associations, their complete impenetrability for the authorities, to the enormous losses of the state budget and to the deformation of the labor market.

The clear system of the legislative regulation of the migratory processes both on the federal and the local level must resist this expansion.

Therefore it is necessary to recommend forming the interdepartmental staff, which would include the representatives of the different departments of the local authorities of our region. They will control the migratory processes to the territory of the region and fight effectively against the ethnic criminal associations, including Chinese.

А.Ю. Савельев


  1. Гуров А.И. Организованная преступность в России. –
  2. Номоконов В.А. Транснациональная организованная преступность: дефиниции и реальность. Центр по изучению организованной преступности при Юридическом институте ДВГУ –
  3. Нырова Н.Н. Некоторые проблемы в работе Российских правоохранительных органов с иностранцами. Хабаровская государственная академия при Юридическом институте ДВГУ. –
  4. Репецкая А.Л. Исследования: организованная преступность в России. – Иркутск: БГУ, 2004. – С. 26.